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Iljusjin IL-2-M3 “Sturmovik”

Specifications:
  • Engine: 1770 HP AM38FV12
  • Length: 11,6 meters
  • Wing span: •14,6 meters
  • Weight: approx. 4360 kg netto – 6160 full loaded
  • Crew: 2 (pilot and tailgunner/telegraph operator)
  • Speed: approx. 410 km per hour
  • Armament: Two 37 mm guns
  • One rear 12,7 mitrailleuse
  • Two 7,62 machine guns
  • Bomb load: 400 kg of bombs or 8 missiles weighing 25,4 kg each

Iljusjin Il-2 (Ilyushin Il-2) “Sturmovik” – was constructed by the Russian Sergej Vladimirovitsj Iljusjin (1894-1977)  for attacking ground targets. “Sturmovik” means stormer, attacker

A total of36183 planes were produced in a 4-year period., probably the most produced aircraft in the world.

IL-2-M3 (model 3) was the first warplane in the world equipt with missiles. It was especiallyfeared when used in attacks on tanks, cars, trains and boats. The Germans called the plane “Der schwartze Tot” – The Black Death.

The first Iljusjin-model, designed as a single seater fighter, was in use from 1941, but was vurnable from the rear. In 1942 the plane was extended to give room for a rear tailgunner with a 12,7 mitrailleuse.

Due to its durable armor plating and its powerful weapons, the plan was considered a flying tank.

More common were the use of two 23 mm guns. IL-2-M3 distinguished itself against the tanks in the great battle by Kursk 450 km south west of Moscow during the summer of 1943. Veryfew Iljusjin aircrafts were shot down.